Compiler Notes

While compiling TinyMARE, I ran in to the following error. After much mostly useless googling, lots of head scratching, and installing many packages I didn't need, I eventually stumbled across the answer. A week later I went to compile TinyMARE again on another platform, and ran in to the same error, and couldn't for the life of me remember how I resolved it. After solving it for a second time, I'm documenting it here for the future.

The error

$ make
gcc -o netmare config.o crypt.o rand.o stats.o timer.o utils.o version.o ../game/libgame.a ../comm/libcomm.a ../db/libdb.a ../io/libio.a ../prog/libprog.a -lm
../io/libio.a(dns.o): In function `send_dns_request':
dns.c:(.text+0x6c): undefined reference to `__res_mkquery'
../io/libio.a(dns.o): In function `dns_receive':
dns.c:(.text+0x434): undefined reference to `__dn_expand'
dns.c:(.text+0x4d4): undefined reference to `__dn_expand'
dns.c:(.text+0x588): undefined reference to `__dn_expand'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Makefile:9: recipe for target 'netmare' failed
make[1]: *** [netmare] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/pi/mare1.0.10338/src/mare'
Makefile:5: recipe for target 'all' failed
make: *** [all] Error 1

Note the _res_mkquery and all the references to dns.c. It turns out this all points back to resolv (good luck looking that up by itself).

The solution

The solution I found in a random forum post for compilation of some other code was to add resolv to the linker.

There are two methods. The easiest is to run configure and when prompted for additional libraries, enter -lm -lresolv (-lm is the default, so it needs to be included).

If you've already run configure and you don't want to run it again for whatever reason, you can just edit the configuration file. Edit src/, find the line for LDLIBS and append -lresolv (without an E on the end). Like so:

$ vim src/
CC = gcc
CFLAGS = -O3 -Wall -fomit-frame-pointer -I${HDRS}
LDLIBS = -lm -lresolv
SUBDIRS = comm db game io prog mare

LIBS = ../game/libgame.a ../comm/libcomm.a ../db/libdb.a ../io/libio.a \

It should also be noted that during my efforts to fix this, along the way I also happened to install the Debian packages for dnsutils and libbind-dev. I can't say if they were necessary, but if it still won't link give that a shot.

-- SluggyQBFreak - 19 Feb 2017
Topic revision: r2 - 21 Feb 2017, SluggyQBFreak
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